Moradabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh state of India. It was established in 1600 by Murad, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan; as a result the city came to known as Moradabad. It is the administrative headquarters of Moradabad District. Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 miles) from the national capital, New Delhi, at the bank of River Ram Ganga (a tributary to the great Ganges). The city is famous for its huge export of brass handicrafts to North America and Europe, and is also thus called ‘Brass City’ or Peetal Nagri (in the local language).It has close to four million citizens of various ethnicities and religions
Moradabad is renowned for brass work and has carved a niche for itself in the handicraft industry through out the world. The modern,attractive, and artistic brass ware, jewelry and trophies made by skilled artisans are the main crafts. The attractive brass ware are exported to countries like USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and Middle East Asia.
Recently other products like Iron Sheet Metalwares, Aluminium Artworks and Glassware’s have also been included as per need of the foreign Buyers. Mentha is also exported in several crores from Moradabad. These products are very popular in foreign market and are being exported in thousand of crores every year. Due to increase of exports and popularity in foreign specially in Europe, America, Italy and other countries, a large No. of exporters are establishing their units and started their export. Out of the seven industrial corridors declared by the State Govt. in Industrial Policy 1999-2002, Moradabad is one of them.
This city is situated in western U.P. between 28°-21′ to 28°-16′ Latitude North and 78°- 4′ to 79 Longitude East. Presently it is an Administrative, Industrial and Commercial city. After the establishment of Divisional Commissioner Office, its importance and status has further been elevated. This city lies on National Highway 24 from traffic and transport point of view and is a main Railway Station, also Divisional Headquarters of Northern Railways, on HAWRA & AMRITSER main line. It is very well connected with main cities like DELHI, LUCKNOW, INDORE, PATNA, HARIDWAR, etc. by Rail and Road transport. Ramganga river flows in the north east and Gangan river is there in south west of the city.
According to the 2011 census Moradabad district has a population of 887,871, roughly equal to the nation of Singapore or the US state of Alabama. This gives it a ranking of 26th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,284 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,330/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.25%. In 2011 a new district named Sambhal district is formed with two sub districts of Moradabad district. The rest of Moradabad district have a population of 3126507.The Muslim population in rest of Moradabad district is 1588297. Moradabad has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.67%
Schools in Moradabad, whether using English or Hindi as a medium of instruction, are affiliated to either of the four bodies, Central Board of Secondary Education (C.B.S.E.), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (C.I.S.C.E), University of Cambridge International Examinations and Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (U.P. Board).