Origin and Development present Moradabad city was established as
the head office of Chaupala pargana during emperor AKBAR 's regime. In 1624,
Rustam Khan, the governor of sambhal, captured it and set up a fort at this
place and named it as Rustam Nagar. Later on it was named as MORADABAD after
the name of SHAHJAHAN 's son MURAD BUX and this name still persists. Physical
development of the city was started after the construction of JAMA MASJID by
Rustom Khan in 1632.
Geographical Location Moradabad city is famous for Brass Metal Handicrafts not
only in India but also abroad since ancient times. This city is situated in
western U.P. between 28°-21´ to 28°-16´ Latitude North and
78°- 4´ to 79 Longitude East. Presently it is an Administrative,
Industrial and Commercial city. After the establishment of Divisional
Commissioner Office,its importance and status has further been elevated. This
city lies on National Highway 24 from traffic and transport point of view and
is a main Railway Station, also Divisional Headquarters of Northern Railways,
on HAWRA & AMRITSER main line. It is very well connected with main cities
like DEHLI, LUCKNOW, BAREILLY, PATNA, HARIDWAR, etc. by both Rail and Road
transport. Ramganga river flows in the north east and Gangan river is there in
south west of the city. Being situated on the main railway line and National
Highway, Moradabad city has bright prospects of development. Industrial and
commercial development has taken place at a fast pace because the raw material
becomes easily available to the city and manufactured goods are easily
Area & Population The geographical area of the Moradabad District is 3493
Sq. Km. Its Total population is 27,61,620 out of which males are 14,94,220 and
females are 12,67,400. Of the total population, 18,77,570 constitute the rural
population and the rest i.e. 8,84,040 makes the urban population.
Infrastructure The Moradabad District is divided into 6 Tehsils & 13
Blocks. Total no. of Nyay Panchayats in the district are 87 while Gram Sabhas
stands at 883. The total populated villages are 1388. The total no. of Police
Stations in the district are 26 out of which 9 are in rural area and 17 in the
Urban area. The total no. of Railway Stations (including Halts) are 29. Total
length of Broad Gauge line is 219 Km. The total no. of Post Offices are 226 out
of which 42 are in urban area while 184 in rural area.
Economy Primarily the Economy of the Moradabad District is Agrarian based while
the Economy base of Moradabad city is Small Scale Cottage industry, Commerce
& Trade. Major crops are Paddy, Wheat, Sugar cane & Mustard. There is a
network of Agro based industries namely Rice & Dal Processing Units and a
large no. of Gur & Khandsari Units. Over 15000 Small Scale Industry Units
are spread all over the District having more concentration on Urban cities -
Moradabad & Sambhal. Moradabad city is famous for the Brass Metal
Handicrafts and exports to the tune of Rs. 2200 Crores on yearly basis. A good
no. of Artisans are also engaged in home manufacturing of Horn and Bone
handicrafts articles in Sambhal.
About 12 lakh metric tons of food grain, 10 thousand metric tons of oil seeds,
90 lakh metric tons of sugar cane & 2.6 lakh metric tons of potatoes are
annually produced here and a major part of it is exported to other districts of
the state and out of the state.
Frontline artist have been born in the land of Moradabad who
have shown for themselves and their motherland by their drawing and painting.
These artists include s/s Thakur Ram Pal Singh, Prof. Jagdish Bahadur
Chaudhary, Serveshwar Saran Sarve, Dr. (Mrs.) Saroj Bhati, Dr. Prasad Saran,
Shri Ram Nath Dubey, Vinod Kumar Gupta, Mrs. Jaimala Rastogi, Ram Singh
Chitrakar, Beena Gupta, Dr. Giyan Prakash Kshatriya etc.
Moradabad has also produced many great poets and writers whose
contribution to the field of litrature is well recognised. Some of the famous
Hindi poets are Pandit Narrottam Vayas , Pt. Jwala Prasad Mishra, Pt. Jwala
Dutt Sharma, Jayanti Prasad Upadhyaya etc. Similarly some of the famous Urdu
poets and writers are Jigar Moradabadi, Saheba Moradabadi, Qazi Badal Hasan
Badr Jalai, Late Kamal Amrohi, Dr. Qammar Moradabadi, Dr. Mashkoor Moradabadi,
Dr. Wali Hasanpuri, etc.
Moradabad has also contributed in the field of Music and has
produced famous Tabla player Late Ahmad Jaan Tharakwa, Late Kamal Amrohi in
films and Late Pt. Narottam Vyas etc. Late Jigar Moradabadi is well known for
his Urdu Shayari.
This city has no parallel in stage. Late Master Fida Hussain
Narsi, recepient of Avadh Samman, has devoted his life for Parsi theater.
Moradabad district has played an improtant role in India's
freedom sturggle. Moradabad has the credit for giving the final shape to
Mahatma Gandhi's Non - Cooperation Movement. This land has produced several
brave soldiers of freedom struggle and the prominent amongst them are Amba
Prasad, Prof. Ram Saran, Maulana Mohd. Ali, Maulavi Abdul Salam, Dau Dayal
Khanna and Pandit Shankar Dutt, etc. Amba Prasad spent his whole life in
freedom struggle and was jailed for about a year and a half in 1897.Prof. Ram
Saran Known as Gandhi of MORADABAD district was born in 1894 in a middle class
family. He was the first person of Moradabad who left this vakalat during
Non-Cooperation Movement. In 1923, he became a Professor of Economics in Kashi
Vidyapeeth. Lal Bahadur Shastri, Kamla Pati Tripathi, and T N singh were his
main students. Maulana Mohd. Ali was a great man born in Moradabad whose fame
crossed international borders and he was a complete patriot. He had the
privilege of presiding over an open connvention of Indian National Congress and
sacrified his life for country's independence. Maulana Mohd. Ali started
Khilafat movement aginst the British in 1918. This movement was so popular that
every body became familiar with Maulana's name. Maulavi Abdul Salam was a
frontline patriot of Moradabad district born on 22nd Sept. 1888. His whole life
was devoted to Congress. All important national leaders used to stay at his
residence Darul Salam to prepare line sketch of different movements. Despile
being a Zamindar, he always favoured landless and small farmers. He was a
strong supporter of Hindu Muslim unity. The credit for revolutionery events
which took place in Moradabad district goes to Dau Dayal Khanna born on 19
Nov.1910. He left his studies in 18 years of age to participate in the freedom
movement and established Moradabad Youth League.Other prominent freedom fighter
from Moradabad include Pandit Shanker Dutt Sharma, Banwari Lala Rahbar, Zafar
Hasan, Wasti Vakil, Lala Bhaqwat Saran, Dr. Narottam Saran, etc.
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